The Rapidian

More than access, inclusive playground designs benefit all

Inclusive play opportunities benefit individuals and families with disabilities, and also benefit the community.
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Eight key elements of an inclusive playground

Recently, playground manufacturer, Playworld Systems, put together a design guide to help communities discuss, plan, and build more inclusive playgrounds. An inclusive playground is one that invites and welcomes everyone, not just the families who are typical, but ones with children and parents who have sensory processing disorders, cognitive impairments or physical disabilities. They identified eight key elements of an inclusive playground

Physical, Sensory & Social Activities for all children that stimulate kids with varying needs

Multiple Challenge Levels that encourage goal setting and graduating to new challenges

Elevated Play where kids can get up high

Grouping of Activities so children with diverse abilities can interact together

Pods, Rooms and Zones so kids can find quiet areas as well

Unitary Surfacing like turf, mats and rubber tiles allow for greater mobility and safety

The “Coolest Thing” that kids are most excited about on the playground should be accessible to all kids

Routes and Maneuverability so everyone can get around the playground and transfer between activities

Inclusive Playgrounds challenge kids at all levels

Inclusive Playgrounds challenge kids at all levels /AmsVans

Frog Hollow in Wyoming is listed as a Boundless Playground

Frog Hollow in Wyoming is listed as a Boundless Playground /Boundless Playground

According to the US Census, 12% of the population has a disability severe enough that it affects at least one function of daily living. Imagine all the mothers, fathers, siblings, grandparents, and friends who are involved in their daily lives. Realistically, one in three people in our country are impacted daily by disability. Currently, there is increased energy being directed toward how parks and playgrounds become places that not only provide better access to play, but truly enrich our whole community by becoming welcoming and inclusive places for all. 

In the past few years, we’ve engaged several neighborhoods in planning efforts around improving their parks and playgrounds. We’ve seen an increased interest and demand for including a wider spectrum of disabilities during the design phase of parks and playgrounds. Communities are interested in moving beyond just meeting minimum standards for the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). While reducing barriers and improving access is a necessary step, it doesn’t speak to the greater potential of creating inclusive places that support all children and adults, regardless of physical and psychological situations, to come together to play, learn and grow. 

Inclusive play opportunities benefit individuals and families with disabilities, they also benefit the community. At the playground, inclusion in play helps to reduce outdated social stigma and misconceptions, informs developing minds and encourages patience. Above all, when socialization through inclusive play occurs, it allows individuals with disabilities to be seen as more alike than different.

Unfortunately, in Grand Rapids we don’t have many playgrounds or parks that incorporate all of the design elements of inclusive play. A search of Boundless Playgrounds, an organization that helps communities design and build more inclusive playgrounds, only has two playgrounds listed in West Michigan- in Wyoming and Holland. In Grand Rapids’ city parks, we only have three park playgrounds that have unitary surfacing, Canal Park, Plaster Creek Family Park and the future Pleasant Park

Obviously, cost is a major deterrent from building larger, more inclusive playgrounds. Multiple features, unitary surfacing, more intentional design and wider pathways are more expensive than a traditional, off-the-shelf playgrounds with wood fiber surfacing. A traditional playground typically costs around $100,000. An inclusive playground can cost nearly five times that amount. But our community has an opportunity to subscribe to a bolder vision of play and inclusion. We should be looking at how the community can build the partnerships and resources to support inclusive playgrounds in key areas of the city, and how existing playgrounds can take steps toward that goal.

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